Romantic poetry Background Romanticism is the name given to a dominant movement in literature and the other arts — particularly music and painting — in the the period from the s to the mid-nineteenth century: It is regarded as having transformed artistic styles and practices Like many other terms applied to movements in the arts, the word covers a wide and varied range of artists and practices It is a retrospective term, applied by later literary, art and musical historians.
The following are a few definitions of Romanticism and related terms that I have found to be very helpful. Please keep in mind that the term "Romanticism" has been used in varying contexts and has come to mean different things to different people. The following definitions are pulled from literary contexts and for the purposes of this web site are merely a jumping point for further discussion.
The following definitions include the citation to their respective sources. A movement in art and literature in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in revolt against the Neoclassicism of the previous centuries The German poet Friedrich Schlegel, who is given credit for first using the term romantic to describe literature, defined it as "literature depicting emotional matter in an imaginative form.
Imagination, emotion, and freedom are certainly the focal points of romanticism. Any list of particular characteristics of the literature of romanticism includes subjectivity and an emphasis on individualism; spontaneity; freedom from rules; solitary life rather than life in society; the beliefs that imagination is superior to reason and devotion to beauty; love of and worship of nature; and fascination with the past, especially the myths and mysticism of the middle ages.
The dominant literary movement in England during the late seventeenth century and the eighteenth century, which sought to revive the artistic ideals of classical Greece and Rome.
Neoclassicism was characterized by emotional restraint, order, logic, technical precision, balance, elegance of diction, an emphasis of form over content, clarity, dignity, and decorum.
Its appeals were to the intellect rather than to the emotions, and it prized wit over imagination. As a result, satire and didactic literature flourished, as did the essay, the parody, and the burlesque. In poetry, the heroic couplet was the most popular verse form.
Morner, Kathleen and Ralph Rausch. NTC Publishing Group, The American Scholar A. Lovejoy once observed that the word 'romantic' has come to mean so many things that, by itself, it means nothing at all The variety of its actual and possible meanings and connotations reflect the complexity and multiplicity of European romanticism.
Lucas counted 11, definitions of 'romanticism'. In Classic, Romantic and Modern Barzun cites examples of synonymous usage for romantic which show that it is perhaps the most remarkable example of a term which can mean many things according to personal and individual needs.
The word romantic ism has a complex and interesting history. In the Middle Ages 'romance' denoted the new vernacular languages derived from Latin - in contradistinction to Latin itself, which was the language of learning.
Enromancier, romancar, romanz meant to compose or translate books in the vernacular. The work produced was then called romanz, roman, romanzo and romance. A roman or romant came to be known as an imaginative work and a 'courtly romance'.
The terms also signified a 'popular book'. There are early suggestions that it was something new, different, divergent. By the 17th c. In France a distinction was made between romanesque also derogatory and romantique which meant 'tender', 'gentle', 'sentimental' and 'sad'.
It was used in the English form in these latter senses in the 18th c. In Germany the word romantisch was used in the 17th c. Many hold to the theory that it was in Britain that the romantic movement really started. At any rate, quite early in the 18th c. This, of course, is hindsight.Our long-running series of topical discussion and new vocabulary, brought to you by your favourite BBC Learning English presenters.
From the archives. Features of Romanticism Literature was the first branch of art to be influenced by the waves of Romanticism, although the concepts remain the same in all the art forms.
Let us look at some of the characteristics which influenced the Romantics. In this lesson, we look at some important discussion questions related to Act 1 of Shakespeare's ''Macbeth'', and provide reasons for their importance as .
Romanticism is totally different from Romance novels.
Inspired by the German Strum und Drang (storm and stress), the movement was a reaction to the constraints of rationalism and scientific thought from the Enlightenment.
Romanticism is the belief that emotions and intuition are more important than logic and facts; the individual comes first and is primarily good, and nature is meant to be.
Walt Whitman - Poet - Born on May 31, , Walt Whitman is the author of Leaves of Grass and, along with Emily Dickinson, is considered one of the architects of a uniquely American poetic voice. Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from to Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification .