Bolsheviks and Mensheviks Delegates to the 8th Bolshevik party congress in
They were cut down in a hail of gunfire in a half-cellar room of the house in Ekaterinburg, a city in the Ural mountain region, where they were being held prisoner. The daughters were finished off with bayonets. To prevent a cult for the dead Tsar, the bodies were carted away to the countryside and hastily buried in a secret grave.
Bolshevik authorities at first reported that the Romanov emperor had been shot after the discovery of a plot to liberate him. For some time the deaths of the Empress and the children were kept secret. Soviet historians claimed for many years that local Bolsheviks had acted on their own in carrying out the killings, and that Lenin, founder of the Essay on the bolsheviks state, had nothing to do with the crime.
InMoscow playwright and historian Edvard Radzinsky announced the result of his detailed investigation into the murders. He unearthed the reminiscences of Lenin's bodyguard, Alexei Akimov, who recounted how he personally delivered Lenin's execution order to the telegraph office.
The telegram was also signed by Soviet government chief Yakov Sverdlov. Akimov had saved the original telegraph tape as a record of the secret order.
Leon Trotsky -- one of Lenin's closest colleagues -- had revealed years earlier that Lenin and Sverdlov had together made the decision to put the Tsar and his family to death.
Recalling a conversation inTrotsky wrote: Speaking with Sverdlov, I asked in passing: I made no reply. Ilyich [Lenin] believed that we shouldn't leave the Whites a live banner to rally around, especially under the present difficult circumstances.
Recent research and investigation by Radzinsky and others also corroborates the account provided years earlier by Robert Wilton, correspondent of the London Times in Russia for 17 years.
His account, The Last Days of the Romanovs - originally published inand reissued in by the Institute for Historical Review -- is based in large part on the findings of a detailed investigation carried out in by Nikolai Sokolov under the authority of "White" anti-Communist leader Alexander Kolchak.
Wilton's book remains one of the most accurate and complete accounts of the murder of Russia's imperial family. Accordingly, people are most interested in historical questions during times of crisis, when the future seems most uncertain.
With the collapse of Communist rule in the Soviet Union,and as Russians struggle to build a new order on the ruins of the old, historical issues have become very topical. For example, many ask: How did the Bolsheviks, a small movement guided by the teachings of German-Jewish social philosopher Karl Marx, succeed in taking control of Russia and imposing a cruel and despotic regime on its people?
In recent years, Jews around the world have been voicing anxious concern over the specter of anti-Semitism in the lands of the former Soviet Union. In this new and uncertain era, we are told, suppressed feelings of hatred and rage against Jews are once again being expressed.
According to one public opinion survey conducted infor example, most Russians wanted all Jews to leave the country. Why do so many Russians, Ukrainians, Lithuanians and others blame "the Jews" for so much misfortune?
A Taboo Subject Although officially Jews have never made up more than five percent of the country's total population,5 they played a highly disproportionate and probably decisive role in the infant Bolshevik regime, effectively dominating the Soviet government during its early years.
Soviet historians, along with most of their colleagues in the West, for decades preferred to ignore this subject. The facts, though, cannot be denied. With the notable exception of Lenin Vladimir Ulyanovmost of the leading Communists who took control of Russia in were Jews.
Yakov Sverdlov Solomon was both the Bolshevik party's executive secretary and -- as chairman of the Central Executive Committee -- head of the Soviet government.
Grigori Zinoviev Radomyslsky headed the Communist International Cominternthe central agency for spreading revolution in foreign countries.Causes of Bolshevik Success Using Voilence Essays. Leon Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolsheviks Up To In this essay I will explain Leon Trotsky's contribution to the success of the Bolsheviks.
I will consider a number of reasons including his organisation of the revolution, his actions on the 6th - 8th November To bring this system into focus I want to tell the history of its rise, and its strange roots - the bastard love-child of snooping and high-level mathematical theory.
essay: the october revolution INTRODUCTION The October Revolution, officially known as the Great October Socialist Revolution and commonly referred to as Red October, the October Uprising or the Bolshevik Revolution, was a seizure of state power instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution of The Jewish Role in the Bolshevik Revolution and Russia's Early Soviet Regime.
Assessing the Grim Legacy of Soviet Communism. by Mark Weber. In the night of July , , a squad of Bolshevik secret police murdered Russia's last emperor, Tsar Nicholas II, along with his wife, Tsaritsa Alexandra, their year-old son, Tsarevich Alexis, and their four daughters.
Bolsheviks Rise To Power Essay Sample. By , Russia was in need of a revolution for new leadership and a new way of life for the people. The quick rise to power by the Bolsheviks was unprecedented. Of the silent trilogy, Earth () is Dovzhenko’s most accessible film but, perhaps for these same reasons, most misunderstood.
In a Brussels’ film jury would vote Earth as one of the great films of all time. Earth marks a threshold in Dovzhenko’s career emblematic of a turning point in the Ukrainian cultural and political avant-garde - the end of one period and transition to another.